This bibliography is updated from time to time. It is published on the WLO website ( as supporting information for the WLO Charter for Leisure. Suggestions for additions to the bibliography would be welcome (via WLO Secretariat )


  1. Document sources
  2. Selected general texts on human rights
  3. Leisure
  4. Children/play
  5. Environment/heritage
  6. Sport
  7. The arts/culture
  8. Tourism

Document sources

United Nations treaties etc:

Ishay, M. R. (Ed.). (1997). The Human Rights Reader. New York, NY: Routledge.

Selected general texts on human rights

Bauer, J.R., & Bell, D.A. (Eds.). The East Asian Challenge for Human Rights. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cranston, M. (1983). Are there any human rights? Daedalus, 112(4), 1-17.

Donnelly, J. (2013). Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice, 3rd Edn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Fukuda-Parr, S., Lawson-Remer, T., and Randolph, S. (2015). Fulfilling Social and Economic Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Glendon, M.A. (2002). A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. New York: Random House.

Ignatieff, M. (2001). Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Nickel, J.W. (2007). Making Sense of Human Rights. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Turner, B.S. (1993). Outline of a theory of human rights. Sociology, 27(3), 489-512.


Caudwell, J., and McGee, D. (2018). Editorial: From promotion to protection: human rights and events, leisure and sport. Leisure Studies, 37(1), 1-10.

McGrath, R., Young, J., and Adams, C. (2017). Leisure as a human right: special edition introduction. Annals of Leisure Research, 20(3), 314-316.

Richards, D.L., & Carbonetti, B.C. (2013). Worth what we decide: a defense of the right to leisure. International Journal of Human Rights, 17(3), 329-49.

Risse, M. (2009). A right to work? A right to leisure? Labor rights as human rights. Law & Ethics of Human Rights, 3(1), 1-39.

Rojek, C. (2005). P2P leisure exchange: net banditry and the policing of intellectual property. Leisure Studies, 24(4), 357-369.

Rojek, C. (2005). Leisure Theory. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan (critical discussion of the 2000 WLO Charter for Leisure on pp. 197-199).

Rose, J.L. (2016). Free Time. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sylvester, C. (1992). Therapeutic recreation and the right to leisure. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 26(2), 9-20.

Veal, A.J. (2015). Human rights, leisure and leisure studies, World Leisure Journal, 57(4), 249-272. 

Veal, A.J (2012). Human rights and citizenship rights for leisure, sport, tourism, culture and events. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Online publication. Available here.


Brackenridge, C.H., Rhind, D., & Palmer, S. (2014). Locating and mitigating risks to children associated with major sporting events. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, 7(3), 237-250.

Simpson, B. (2005). Cities as playgrounds: active leisure for children as a human right. In J. Caudwell and P. Bramham (Eds), Sport, Active Leisure and Youth Cultures (pp. 3-23). Eastbourne, UK: Leisure Studies Association.


Campion, R., & Stephenson, J. (2014). Recreation on private property: Landowner attitudes towards Allemanstrart. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, 6(1), 52-65.

Curry, N. (2002). Access rights for outdoor recreation in New Zealand: Some lessons for open country in England and Wales. Journal of Environmental Management, 64(4), 423–35.

Kellert, S.R. (2012). Birthright: People and nature in the modern world. New Haven, CN: Yale University Press.

McNeish, W., & Oliver, S. (2017). Contracting the right to roam. In K. Spracklen, B. Lashua, E. Sharpe, and S. Swain (Eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Leisure Theory (pp. 289-307). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nash, R.F. (1989). The Rights of Nature: A history of environmental ethics. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Ravenscroft, N., & Gilchrist, P. (2011). Outdoor recreation and the environment. In P. Bramham & S. Wragg (Eds), The New Politics of Leisure and Pleasure (pp. 45-62). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.


Adams, A., & Piekarz, M. (2015). Sport events and human rights: positive promotion or negative erosion? Journal of Policy Research in Tourism. Leisure and Events, 7(3), 220-236.

Booth, D. (2003). Hitting apartheid for six? The politics of the South African sports boycott. Journal of Contemporary History, 38(3), 477-93.

David, P. (2005). Human Rights in Youth Sport. London: Routledge.

Donnelly, P. (2008). Sport and human rights. Sport in Society,11(4), 381-94.

Giulianotti, R., & McArdle, D. (Eds) (2006). Sport, Civil Liberties and Human Rights. London: Routledge.

Kidd, B., & Donnelly, P. (2000). Human rights in sports. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 35(2), 131-48.

Taylor, T. (Ed.) (1999). How you Play the Game. Papers from the First International Conference on Sports and Human Rights. Sydney: University of Technology Sydney.

The arts/culture

Carter, J., & Orange, J. (2012). Contentious terrain: defining a human rights museology. Museum Management and Curatorship, 27(2), 111-27.

Darcy, S., & Taylor, T. (2009). Disability citizenship: an Australian human rights analysis of the cultural industries. Leisure Studies, 28(4), 419-41.

Ivey, B. (2008). Arts Inc.: How greed and neglect have destroyed our cultural rights. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Shaheed, F. (2013). The Right to Freedom of Artistic Expression and Creativity: Report of the Special Rapporteur in the Field of Cultural Rights, Doc. A/HRC/23/24. New York: UN General Assembly.

Stamatopoulou, E.  (2004). Why cultural rights now? New York: Carnegie Council, available at:, (accessed, April 2015).


Bianchi, R.V., & Stephenson, M.L. (2014). Tourism and Citizenship: Rights, freedoms and responsibilities in the global order. London: Routledge.

Cole, S., & Eriksson, J. (2010). Tourism and human rights. In S. Cole & N.Morgan (Eds),  Tourism and inequality (pp. 107-25). Wallingford, UK: CABI

George, B.P., & Varghese, V. (2007). Human rights in tourism: conceptualization and stakeholder perspectives. Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies, 12(2), 40-48.

Hall, C.M. (Ed.) (2007). Pro-poor Tourism: Who benefits? Bristol: Channel View.

Lovelock, B., & Lovelock, K.M. (2013) The Ethics of Tourism: Critical and applied perspectives. London: Routledge (Chapter 4: ‘Human rights’, pp. 63-94).

McCabe, S., and Diekmann, A. (2015). The rights to tourism: reflections on social tourism and human rights. Tourism Recreation Research, 40(2), 194-204.

Mccabe, S., Minnaert, L., & Diekman, A. (2012). Social Tourism in Europe: Theory and practice. Bristol: Channel View.

Ray, R., & Schmitt, J. (2008). The right to vacation: an international perspective. International Journal of Health Services, 38(1), 21–45.

Richards, G. (1998). Time for a holiday? Social rights and international tourism consumption. Time and Society, 7(1), 145-60.

Tourism Concern (2009). Putting Tourism to Rights: A challenge to human rights abuses in the tourism industry. London: tourism Concern.

UN World Tourism Organization (1985). Tourism Bill of Rights and Tourist Code. Madrid: UNWTO.